Shadayev explained the reluctance of IT companies to switch to Russian software
In Russia, in IT companies, employees responsible for the functioning of various systems are accustomed to working on foreign software (software), so they slow down the transition to Russian software. This was stated in an interview with the Kommersant newspaper by the head of the Ministry of Digital Science Maksut Shadayev on Tuesday, April 20.
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“There are IT specialists in the company who are responsible for the functioning of a large system, they are used to working on foreign software, they know its features well and are confident in it. Such IT specialists come to the bosses and say: if you want everything to work normally, buy this, ”he said.
According to Shadayev, the problem is not in "classical lobbying", but in "the habit, the culture of using familiar solutions."
|Shadayev explained the reluctance of IT companies to switch to Russian software|
The minister noted that he does not see "overactive" foreign software suppliers in the fight for the Russian market, which do not offer "serious discounts on products."
He emphasized that cybersecurity risks are unacceptable at critical information infrastructure (CII) facilities, therefore, it is necessary to move away from foreign software solutions. However, replacement is possible only for “competitive Russian counterparts”.
“Of course, the costs for them can be significant, but the risks are much more serious,” said the head of the Ministry of Digital Affairs, urging the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RSPP) to invest in ensuring the security of KII.
Thus, the minister commented on the call of the President of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs Alexander Shokhin to the Cabinet of Ministers and business to refine the mechanisms for the transition to Russian software. Shokhin on April 15 estimated the transition of CII subjects to Russian software at 1 trillion rubles.
Shadayev added that the subjects of CII - banks, nuclear power plants, defense enterprises - have time to prepare for the transition, and Russian developers have the opportunity to develop the necessary software during this time.
“Here we are solving two important tasks at once: we ensure our own security and, following the strategy of import substitution, we expand our independence from foreign software,” he said.
The minister added that there are digital transformation programs in Russia, within the framework of which departments purchase and use Russian software as a priority. According to him, the time has come to ensure the country's independence from foreign software in "critical tasks for the life support and functioning of the state."
In January of this year, the Ministry of Digital Industry proposed to accelerate the transition of CII facilities to use mainly Russian software by a year. So, the department proposed to switch to Russian software from January 1, 2023, and to domestic equipment - from January 1, 2024. The initiative was prepared after the instruction of Russian President Vladimir Putin in July 2019 on the preparation of proposals for the use of Russian software in the information infrastructure.
The initial draft of the decree, promulgated in October 2020, envisaged the transition of KII mainly to Russian software by January 1, 2024, and to domestic equipment by January 1, 2025.